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UK Commercial Property Debt Continues to Drop

A recent UK property lending survey has revealed that the amount of debt held against UK commercial property has continued to drop over the last year from £228.1bn to £212.3bn, a drop of 6.8%.

The UK Commercial Property Lending Market report by De Montfort University, the largest of its kind to look at UK commercial property lending, found that while the overall debt that is  held against UK commercial property continued to fall last year from £228.1bn to £212.3bn, a drop of 6.8%, the UK’s largest property lending survey has today revealed that the level of debt is on a downward trajectory and progress has been made in dealing with the distressed legacy debt, there is a long way to go.

Between £72.5bn and £100bn will struggle to be refinanced on current market terms when the debt matures as it has an LTV of over 70%.

The survey of 72 lending teams from 63 banks and other lending organisations found that, while 2011 started with a degree of optimism for the commercial property lending market, including the first CMBS issue since 2007, this changed dramatically during the second half of the year as the crisis surrounding the Eurozone and the sovereign debt of member states brought “extremely tough times” to the economy.

Although progress has been made in addressing the legacy situation, banks still face a significant overhang of pre-recession property debt held on their balance sheets, with approximately £51bn due to mature during 2012 and a total of £153bn – 72% of outstanding debt – by year-end 2016.

Bright spots in the report show loan originations on the increase and new lenders to the market increasing their market share to 8%.

But the survey also showed a continuing draining away of development finance. Of concern for property developers is that, for the first time, no lending organisation said it would be prepared to lend against a speculative office development.

Respondents also expressed concerns about how the Financial Services Authority planned to implement ‘slotting’, which would introduce additional regulatory capital requirements to real estate lending, suggesting the consequences of the changes would be to reduce the volume and increase the cost of business.

Bill Maxted, author of the report, said:

“At the end of 2011, lending organisations were reporting that the Eurozone crisis had created instability in the money markets leading to rising costs, with many banks managing their capital based on a worst case scenario both in the Eurozone and the UK.

“The debt crisis is regarded as a real threat to asset values in the UK, and globally, and is a problem that has to be solved before national economies and lending markets can start to improve.”